Gingivitis is the proper name for gum disease. It occurs when plaque (a mixture of bacteria, food particles and saliva) causes a "silent" inflammation in the gums around the teeth. Calculus, generally means a hardened version of plaque which can no longer be removed by a toothbrush or flossing. Gingivitis can be controlled by good oral hygiene (brushing twice a day and flossing daily) but also needs the specialised care of a dentist or hygienist who has to physically remaining the plaque and calculus in hard to access areas (i.e. below the gum and in between your teeth).
Periodontal disease is an advanced form of gingivitis that results in bone loss around the natural teeth in addition to the redness and inflammation present with gingivitis. Periodontal disease may result in the loss of some or all of your teeth without the proper diagnosis and treatment that only a qualified dentist can provide.
Do I have gum disease?
Gum disease (gingivitis) affects over 95% of the population so the answer to this question, is probably yes! The reality though is that everyone suffers from gingivitis to a differing degree. Gingivitis is easily treatable and preventable. The real thing you have to be concerned about is whether you have periodontal disease or not. Only a qualified dentist can tell you if you have gingivitis and need routine oral hygiene therapy or whether you have periodontal disease and you require more involved treatment. Bleeding gums are the first (but not only) signs that thing aren't going well in your mouth. Call us on (08) 9301 4088, book online or contact us via other methods to book a consultation for a thorough assessment of your gums and teeth.